Gallbladder: The pear-shaped organ:
It is a pear-like organ of a human body with a size of four inches. Its function is to store fluids, bile, cholesterol, and fats. Here bile is transferred from the gallbladder into the small intestine where it performs a significant duty of breaking down fats taken from food in the intestine. It helps absorbing nutrients and vitamins in a more effective way in the bloodstream.
After developing an understanding of the gallbladder lets discuss the chronic and acute infection, cholecystitis, of the gallbladder and its treatment and cure.
Understanding chronic cholecystitis:
What is Cholecystitis? It is a painful condition in which sudden inflammation is observed in the gallbladder. If the condition continues for a long time, like a month or more and gallbladder has faces repeated attacks then the condition is called chronic cholecystitis. It is a chronic and acute condition which needs immediate treatment. The case can become a medical emergency if the gallbladder is not treated instantly and it ruptures. It can be treated with pain medications, antibiotics, and in some cases the complete removal of the infected gallbladder.
What are the causes of the chronic cholecystitis?
Let’s dig a bit deeper the story of chronic cholecystitis. The condition begins when gallstone is identified in the gallbladder. Gallstones are formed when bile turns into crystal- shaped particles. They vary in size, from that of a grain of sand to a golf ball. Due to the presence of these stones, irritation and pressure are felt in the gallbladder which becomes the main cause of infection. It further causes the gallbladder walls to thicken in size with the passage of time while the gallbladder shrinks. This stops the organ from functioning normally and properly. These gallstones cases are much common in women as compare to men. That is why women are more venerable to cholecystitis.
Further, chronic cholecystitis can have the following reasons:
- Blockage of CBD
- An infection in the CBD drainage system
- Increase in the cholesterol level in the gallbladder, in case of pregnancy or speedy weight loss
- Reduction in the blood supply due to diabetes
- Diagnosis of tumor in pancreas or liver
The consistent attacks of chronic cholecystitis lead to a serious condition and in extreme case, rupture of Gallbladder.
Symptoms of Chronic cholecystitis: An acute infection of the Gall Bladder:
The Symptoms of chronic cholecystitis appear unexpectedly or might develop slowly and gradually with the passage of time. It includes the following:
- Severe abdominal pain and bloating
- Extreme pain in the back or precisely below the right shoulder blade
- Chills and Fever
- Feeling nausea and vomiting
- Weight loss
- Slightly-colored stools
- The condition of Jaundice, when the skin and whites of the eyes turn yellow
- Irritation and itching
The above-mentioned symptoms of chronic cholecystitis infection differ extensively from one person to another. The pain in the stomach will typically last for 30 minutes or more.
Treatment of Cholecystitis:
Treatment at the right time of a disease can save us from unimaginable health complications. In this case, Cholecystitis can be treated in the following ways:
- Antibiotics to fight infection
- Dissolving gallstones through oral dissolution therapies
- Painkillers to provide relief
- Surgery is the option in acute cases.
The disease is treated by a medical expert according to the nature of the infection and its spread. Treat yourself and stay well.