Understanding The Marburg Virus:
Marburg is a virus that causes Marburg Hemorrhagic fever, which could affect human and animals both. Rousettus, Aegyptiacus, chimps, green monkeys are the main and natural sources of this disease. Disease caused by Marburg virus could be easily transferred from one person to another person by body secretions. this virus could cause severe hemorrhagic fever in humans.
symptoms suddenly begin within 5 to 10 days of infection with Marburg virus. Early signs and symptoms are following:
- Muscle and joint aches
- A severe headache
- Coughing and pain in chest
- A sore throat
- Liver failure
- Stomach pain
- Sudden weight loss
- Bleeding, commonly from the eyes, and at last bleeding from nose, ears, and rectum
- Internal bleeding
- Nausea and vomiting
- Severe Diarrhea
- Severe hemorrhaging with organ dysfunction
- Pancreatic inflammation
- brain inflammation
- Red eyes
- Raised rash
- Hair loss
- Sensory changes
- Eye inflammation
- Testicular inflammation
Causes of Marburg virus:
The main causes for Marburg viruses are green monkeys, fruit bets, chimps and other primates(non-human)
Transmission Marburg Virus from One Person to another Person:
- Affected people generally don’t become transferable til they develop signs and symptoms. Family members and close relatives are mostly infected as they do care for ill and sick relatives or prepare the dead for burial.
- Doctors or other related to Medical could be easily infected if they don’t use a protective instrument, such as masks and gloves.
- There’s no prove found yet that Marburg virus can be spread through insect bites.
Transmission of Marburg Virus from Animals and Human:
Researchers found that Marburg virus is transferred to humans through an infected animals body fluids.
- Waste products: Mineworkers and Tourists in Africa could be infected with this virus through urine or dung of infected bats
- Blood: Researchers who are working on infected animals are at high risk to get infected. Eating or butchering infected animals could also cause the spreading of the virus.
The risk of infection through Marburg virus is high under the following circumstances and conditions:
- Give medical or personal Assistance: Close relatives and family members are at high risk to get infected because they care for them. Doctors and personnel related to the medical field could be also infected if they don’t use protection instruments for instance gloves and surgical face masks.
- Travel to Africa: People could be at high risk of infection with marburg virus if they travel or work in those areas of Africa where virus outbreak have happened.
- Conduct animal research: Researchers and those who are conducting research with monkeys or fruit bets or chimps imported from Philippines and Africa.
- Prepare people for burial: The bodies of people who have killed by Marburg hemorrhagic fever are still infectious. Arranging preparations for the burial of these bodies could increase the risk of Marburg virus.
Prevention of Marburg Virus:
- Avoid places of Virus outburst.
- Clean hands Constantly.
- Avoid eating or purchasing bushmeat.
- Stay away from infected people.
- Pursue infection-control methods.
- Avoid handling remains.