Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS

Overview:

Sexually transmitted infections also known as STIs are transfer from one person to another person through unprotected oral, anal sexual relations.

Viruses, Bacteria, and parasites are also could be the cause of these infections.

Sexual relation with an infected person could also transmit the STIs, for instance, genital warts and herpes. Experts suggested dental dams and condoms for safe sexual relations from the prevention of STIs.

STIs and HIV/AIDs:

Few STIs could lead inflammation that enlarges the danger and risk of the transmission of HIV.

So if you saw and observe any inflammation and sores then don’t have sexual contact before sexual check-up. Researches show that some STIs are also transferred through a skin-skin connection.

Symptoms and signs of STI:

In most cases, people do not experience any sign and symptom of the infection.

In some cases following signs can be experienced:

  • Itching
  • Uncommon release from the genitals
  • Sores and swelling
  • Uncommon lumps
  • Experiencing pain during defecating and urinating

Signs might not show their existence for some weeks after the infection.

Sexually Transmitted Infections and Hiv/Aids

The common STIs are following:

Hepatitis B:

Symptoms:

  • Illness same as flue
  • Loss of hunger
  • Liver swelling
  • Nausea

Diagnosed by:

By the blood samples.

Treatment:

Hepatitis A: This virus is clear by itself

Hepatitis B:  This virus is clear by itself or some time antiviral drugs required

Hepatitis C:  Antiviral drugs required

Genital warts:

Symptoms:

Skin or white lump near a genital area that might be cause itching.

Diagnosed by:

Could noticeable by ear.

Treatment:

Could be removed by medically

Genital Herpes:

Symptoms:

  • Swelling near genital
  • Tingle
  • Itchy

Diagnosed by:

Through oral swab or genital and also through physical check-up.

Treatment:

Treated by antiviral drugs

Syphilis:

Symptoms:

  • Sores
  • Rashes
  • Ulcers
  • Glands which become swollen

Diagnosed by:

Take a swab from the sore or can also be diagnosed by a blood sample.

Treatment:

Through antibiotics injections.

Gonorrhea:

Symptoms:

uncommon release, pain is experienced when urinating and defecating and consistently urination unusual discharge, painful & more frequent urination, painful defecation.

Diagnosed by:

By taking a sample of urine and swab.

Treatment:

Can be treated with antibiotics

Chlamydia:

Symptoms:

  • Pain while urinating
  • Pain in abdomen
  • Uncommon discharge
  • Rectum pain

Diagnosed by:

By the sample of urine or swab.

Treatment:

Treatment could be done by antibiotics

Precaution:

The risk and danger of sexually transmitted infection could be reduced by avoiding sexual relations with temporary partners or adopting precautions during physical contact such as using condoms. Studies show that a couple ( one who had HIV ) was in sexual relation more than two years was have no HIV infection because they were using condoms.

It is suggested that a man and as well as a woman should always condoms during their physical contact. In some countries, women condoms are also available to know as a vaginal pouch.

Risk of HIV infections could also increase due to needle sharing or unnecessary drugs injections.

For piercing, tattoos, injections, shaving and dental purpose blades and needles should be sterilized so the risk of infection could be reduced.

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