What is small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or SIBO?
Do you find your belly swollen soon after intake of food? This experience has become these days among many of us when they wake up with a flat belly but taken rather a double or triple size at the end of the day. Such swelling of the abdominal area indicates a rise in the temperature and inflammation of the intestine. This condition is called small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or SIBO.
Reasons behind Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth:
Why one encounter bacterial infection in the intestine? One reason behind this might be sensitivity to some food or attack of a bacteria. People can also face the situation due to high intake of alcohol, refined foods, and carbohydrates etc. These foods help the bacteria grow and also are responsible for breaking down the fatty acids into small pieces that cause bloating and gas issues. Further, another form of bacteria can break the bile down in the body that leads to lack of fats absorption and causes diarrhea as a result. There also exists a bacterium that produces toxins which cause damage to the small intestine which prevents the body from absorbing nutrients properly.
10 major signs of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth:
The intestinal bacterial overgrowth signs are rather usual and can be misguided for other situations. Let’s highlight some of the major signs and if, in case, you are facing one or more of them then its highly suggested to consult a doctor.
- Complaint of Gas after intake of food.
- Abdominal swelling or inflammation
- Imperfect absorption of fats.
- Food digestion issues after the intake of caffeine, lactose, gluten, fructose, etc.
- Cramping or severe abdominal pain.
- Constipation due to poor digestion.
- Inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome.
- Chronic troubles, e.g. diabetes, fatigue, fibromyalgia, neuromuscular disorders, autoimmune disorders, etc.
- Deficiency of minerals and vitamin particularly vitamin B12.
Is SIBO treatable?
Yes, SIBO is absolutely treatable. Now the question is How? In what ways, its cure can be possible. The answer is that its treatment is threefold:
1) Diagnose and then treat the cause
2) Keeping a check on required nutritional support
3) Treat the bacterial overgrowth
Regarding the treatment meant for rectifying the underlying causes, it includes surgical, dietary, and some medical therapies. Also, keeping a check on required nutritional support especially in those patients with vitamin deficiencies and weight loss, it’s crucial for treating SIBO. Also, here are a few suggestions that can be taken into consideration for treating small intestinal bacterial overgrowth or SIBO:
- Firstly, for curing SIBO, reduction in intake of carbohydrate and also avoiding refined foods such as flour and sugar.
- Secondly limiting consumption of alcohol as its damaging to the intestine.
- Thirdly, the antibiotics that doctor prescribes. The patient might be asked for the Xifaxan antibiotic which has been proved to be highly effective to counter SIBO.
Those who have been once diagnosed with SIBO must be highly careful for future, for there are high chances of reoccurrence even after the treatment.