Malaria is considered as life-threatening, most serious and fatal disease. Humans infected by this disease through mosquito know Anopheles bite. It is created by a parasite known as Plasmodium.
The research found five type of species which are a responsible human infection.
These species are following:
- Plasmodium Malariae
- Plasmodium ovale
- Plasmodium Vivax
- Plasmodium Falciparum
- Plasmodium knowlesi ( A rare species)
Plasmodium Falciparum is known as a fatal and dangerous infection and with less time a person could die. Riskier are for children and pregnant ladies. The reaming kinds of malaria are not that much dangerous but they could be also life-threatening.
What are the Symptoms of Malaria and how is it Treated
From the United States, Malaria was removed in 1950’s but still, more than 1500 deaths occur each year.
Symptoms of Malaria:
The symptoms and signs of Malaria can be categorized into two groups
- Uncomplicated malaria
- Severe malaria
This kind of malaria is not life-threatening but can become dangerous if treatment is not done at the time or the immunity system is poor or host is weak.
The signs of uncomplicated malaria are same as flu, which people easily confused with ordinary flu and remain mistreated or undiagnosed. Signs of this kind of malaria normally remain 7 to 10 hours and reoccur after the second day. Sometimes it could have a longer duration and have many signs.
Signs and symptoms are following:
- A headache
- Cold with shivering
- In younger person seizures with the disease also happen
- Severe sweats and then to back normal temperature with low energy and fatigue
In those places where malaria is a usual disease many people identify the signs and symptoms and treat it as malaria without concerning with experts and doctors.
In this type of malaria, lab / clinical reports display symptoms of main body part dysfunction.
Symptoms and signs of severe malaria are following:
- Respiratory distress
- Adopting prone position
- Weak consciousness
- Symptoms of anemia
- Feeling of unwellness
- Lost of appetite
- Joints and muscles pain
- Main body part dysfunction
This severe malaria could be a dangerous and deadly disease if the treatment is not done on time.
Treatment Of Malaria:
In treatment, the main concern is to remove the Plasmodium parasite from the bloodstream of an infected person.
For treatment of uncomplicated malaria, World health organization (WHO)
The term of Artemisinin is comes from the Artemisia annua plant, which is sweet wormwood. The plant of Artemisia annua is famous for to quickly decline and decrease the amount of Plasmodium Parasites which found in the human blood.
Artemisinin with the combination of associated drug is used for treating the patient. The responsibility of artemisinin is to decrease the number of parasites between three days of the disease, However, the associated drugs reduced the remaining.
Throughout the world, the ACT access is expanding and using to reduce the effect of malaria, but unfortunately, malaria is becoming more powerful and repellent to the ACT impact.
In those areas where the malaria is ACT repellent, then the treatment must include the powerful associated drug.
For the treatment of malaria other than artemisinin, there is no other alternative yet found.