The fluid which expands around the heart, this state in the terms of medical is called as Pericardial Effusion. It is mostly related to pericarditis, Pericardium swelling, a two-layered sheet that encloses the heart and safeguard it. Pericarditis membrane one tissue portion is fibrous, linking the heart to near layers and tissues and the second membrane is known as serious which holds some quantity of yellowish fluid that safeguards disharmony of heat pumps.
Issues can appear when in the huge amount of fluid begins to gather here which is called pericardial lining. When this takes place, the pericardial lining puts stress on the heart, disturb the supply of oxygen and the circulation of blood.
Viral Infection Causing Fluid around the Heart
Pericarditis or pericardial effusion is different from heart failure, which most people wrongly relate as fluid surrounds the heart.
Symptoms of pericardial effusion:
The common symptom and sign of pericardial effusion is chest pain.The pain increases when a person takes deep breath and relax when bending ahead.
Other common symptoms are:
- Tiredness and fatigue
- Pain in muscles
- Complications in breathing
- Low blood pressure
- Swelling of the legs and ankles
- Continuously vomiting
Complex pericardial effusions may roots symptoms which are following:
- Difficulty and Shortness of breathing
- Dizziness and light headed
- Sticky and cool skin
If any symptom among them displayed that it’s a severe situation and indication medical emergency.
Pericardial effusion causes:
pericardial effusion normally from unspecified causes. The main reason commonly is viral infections.
Causes of pericardial effusion are following:
- Bacteria infections
- Virus infections
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Disease-related inflammatory bowel
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Failure of kidneys
- Heart failure
- Therapy of Radiation
Diagnosis of pericardial effusion:
Normally there are no any common symptoms of pericardial effusion, this disease uncovered after routine checkup and tests.
The tests are following:
Physical checkup and examination: normally pericardial effusions couldn’t uncover by physical checkup. Heart swelling might be indicating sign to doctors.
Chest X-ray: Expand Heart silhouette might be a symptom of pericarditis.
Electrocardiogram: Electrodes are known as EKG set on a person’s chest find the electrical condition of the heart. Orders on an EKG could indicate a Pericarditis or the swelling that cause it.
Echocardiogram: Doctors suggested to do heart ultrasound it is an excellent way to confirm any extra fluid around the heart.
When the pericardial effusion is diagnosed, its size and seriousness are identified. Commonly it’s in small size and not that much severe, but if it is huge it could be pressed heart and damage the activity of blood pumping. This condition could be severe and life-threatening.
To discover the reason for this swelling, the doctor might examine a specimen of the fluid. In pericardiocentesis procedure, a needle put in a patient chest and fluid sample is taken by the doctor.
Prevention of pericardial effusion:
There are not any regular instructions regarding pericardial effusion prevention because it could be caused by various reasons.
- By adopting clean hygiene a person could prevent himself by pericardial effusion which caused by infections.
- By adopting healthy life habits such as to avoid smoking, regular exercise, avoid junk food could reduce the risk of heart attack and heart failure.
- By wearing seat belts during driving and body protecting dresses during playing sports could minimized stress related pericarditis.